I’ve written about linking words in tips before but I thought it was worth revisiting a few of the most useful ones. No matter what kind of report you are writing, you need to tie your ideas together.
Introduce a new topic
Regarding, with reference to, in relation to
Add a related point
Moreover, furthermore, in addition
Show a consequence
So, therefore, as a result, for this reason
Give an example
E.g., such as, for example, for instance, in particular, especially, above all
Explain by rephrasing
In other words, i.e.
State the real situation
In fact, actually, as a matter of fact
Firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally
First, second, third
The first stage/step is . . ., then . . . , and after that . . .
Make a general point
In general, on the whole, in most cases
Add an unexpected, or surprising, idea
However, even so, nevertheless
Make a contrast
In contrast, on the other hand, whereas, while
State known information
Of course, obviously, clearly
In conclusion, on balance, overall, taking everything into consideration
You can use most of the examples in the above list at the beginning of a sentence. Sometimes they are followed by a comma. Read your sentences aloud and think about where you would pause.
- In general there are three major points to consider.
- However, there are also some minor points which we should not ignore.
Many of them can be used in the middle of a sentence after the word ‘and’:
. . ., and in fact . . .
. . . , and on balance . . .
A few of these phrases are used immediately after a comma. These include: especially, such as, and whereas.
- There is the issue of staffing, especially given that whatever we decide there will be an impact on jobs.
- We currently have a team of five, whereas if we introduce the xyz equipment we will only need a team of three to run it.