Business Writing Tip #87—Phrases to Express Causes, Consequences and Conditions

Continuing from previous posts which have looked at useful vocabulary to use in specific situations, here are some more useful words and phrases you can use in reports and business correspondence.

The first group are focused on when we are talking about something happening because of something else—expressing cause.cause and effect

Expressing cause

  • Because of…
  • Due to…
  • Given…
  • Owing to…
  • Because…
  • Since…
  • As…
  • This is due to (the fact that)…

Or you may want to say that something resulted from something that went before…

Expressing consequence

  • So
  • Therefore
  • Thus
  • Consequently
  • Hence
  • So that …
  • As a consequence
  • As a result
  • That is why …
  • That’s why …
  • This is the reason why
  • No wonder (then) that …

And finally, it may be that you need to talk about situations where, unless something happens, then something else won’t happen…or if something doesn’t happen, something else will.

Expressing a condition

  • Without …
  • Unless …
  • If … will not …

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